Valium is a drug that can be purchased in the form of an injectable solution, as well as in the form of pills. What does the composition consist of? 1 ml of solution for injection contains 5 mg of diazepam. As for pills, they may contain 10 or 5 mg of diazepam, as well as additional ingredients.
Pharmacology of the drug
Valium is a drug that exhibits anxiolytic, muscle relaxant, sedative, hypnotic and anticonvulsant properties. Before telling you about the mechanism of action of the drug, you should understand what it is. The drug Valium has the following patented name – “Diazepam”. This drug belongs to the group of benzodiazepines and is of great importance in medicine.
Valium is a drug, thanks to the anxiolytic activity of which, relieves internal worries, fears, anxiety and tension. Experts say that “Diazepam” has a dose-dependent effect on the central nervous system. In other words, this drug causes a stimulating effect in small quantities (about 2-15 mg per day), and it also causes a sedative effect in large quantities (more than 15 mg per day).
Features of the drug
What is remarkable about such a drug as Valium? The effect (central myorelaxing) of this drug is associated with the slowing down of polysynaptic reflexes in the spinal cord. Taking this drug leads to a decrease in blood pressure, expansion of coronary vessels, as well as increased resistance of the brain to hypoxia and an increase in the pain threshold of sensitivity.
What diseases can be treated with Valium? Expert reviews report that this drug is indicated for use in the following conditions: spasms of the skeletal muscles in local injuries; anxiety disorders; myositis, arthritis, bursitis, pelvis-spondylarthritis rheumatic, progressive chronic polyarthritis; tetanus; hypertension, dysphoria, stomach ulcer and 12-duodenum (as an additional drug), myocardial infarction; insomnia; angina; spastic conditions, including cerebral palsy, arthrosis with skeletal muscle tension, etc. athetosis; drug poisoning; vertebral syndrome; alcohol withdrawal syndrome with such manifestations as anxiety, tension, agitation, tremor; status epileptic, relief of epileptic seizures; psychosomatic disorders in gynecology and obstetrics (for example, menopausal and menstrual, with gestosis, to facilitate labor); eczema and other diseases that are accompanied by irritability and itching; Meniere’s disease; paranoid-hallucinatory states, motor excitations of various origins (in psychiatry and neurology); general anesthesia and premedication (for example, before surgery and endoscopic manipulations).
When should I not take such drugs like Valium? The effect of such a drug will not be the same as it would be desirable if it is taken for hypersensitivity; coma, shock; acute alcohol intoxication; acute forms of kidney and liver diseases; myasthenia gravis; angle-closure glaucoma; by children under 6 months; during breast-feeding and in the first trimester of pregnancy.
Valium: instructions for use
Only an experienced specialist should prescribe the drug. For an adult patient, the oral dose should be 5-20 mg per day. This amount of the drug is determined depending on the severity of the symptoms of the disease, as well as on the overall clinical picture. The maximum possible single dose of the drug is no more than 10 mg. The course of therapy with this drug in case of anxiety should last about 6 weeks. After this period, you should contact your doctor to select the minimum maintenance dosage. Cancellation of the drug is carried out gradually.